Newspaper Columns

Gary Kevin Ware's "Problem of the Week"

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Newspaper Columns

Postby garykevinware » 21 May 2009, 2:08 am

The first chess column began in the Liverpool Mercury in 1813, and the first in a weekly publication, The Lancet, in 1823, although a game had been given in 1822. The earliest in America was in the New York Spirit of the Times, from 1845, written by Charles Henry Stanley. In the 1840's, there was a surge of interest in problems, perhaps because they could be regularly published in newspaper columns or periodicals, or because of the increasing number of chess enthusiasts, or for both reasons. Paul Morphy, aside from being co-editor of Chess Monthly, with Daniel Willard Fiske, for 3 years, also wrote a weekly column for the New York Ledger for one year, August 6, 1859 - August 4, 1860. With Morphy's continuing success, the country was aflame with Morphy and chess. Newspapers and weeklies met the public's interest with chess columns and articles. Even the Musical World felt the need to have a chess column, and engaged Sam Loyd to start one in February 1859. By July, the chess column took over the entire front page as though it were a chess magazine, sometimes invading page 2! Fiske wrote in the Chess Monthly of July 1859, "The chess columns of the United States now form a formidable brigade. From as far East as Boston, to as far West as San Francisco, from southernmost Texas to northernmost Minnesota." As the Chess Monthly of August 1859 stated, his Ledger column was to consist mainly of his annotation of the celebrated 85 game match between Louis Charles de la Bourdonnais and Alexander McDonnell in 1834, won by Bourdannais 45 to 27, with 13 draws. Morphy wound up annotating 35 of the games. In Morphy's column for The New York Ledger; Saturday, March 3, 1860, as reprinted in the previously mentioned book by David Lawson, Paul Morphy: The Pride and Sorrow of Chess, Morphy annotated the 26th game of the McDonnell-Bourdannais match, and gave the following problem, by Theodore Herlin, originally published in Regene, 1849.



Theodore Herlin Regene 1849 #3

So, 3 points for a complete variation, submitted by next Wednesday, to me at garykevinware@yahoo.com .
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Re: Newspaper Columns

Postby garykevinware » 27 May 2009, 10:53 pm

Here is the answer to last week's problem:
1 Rg5 hxg5 2 Kg4 Bg8 3 Nxg6#
1...h5 2 Kh4 Bg8 3 Nxg6#

The first of Paul Morphy's New York Ledger columns, August 6, 1859, can be found at, http://www.chesscafe.com/text/skittles138.pdf
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