This week's problems and text again come from the book, The Joys of Chess: Heroes, Battles & Brilliancies by Christian Hesse.
"Sometimes, you have to move backward, to get a step forward." Amar Bose
"In order to be victorious in a game of chess, generally speaking, an element of offensive 'up-and-at-'em' is required. But in exceptional situations, the strongest move by far, can be a simple retreat. Good, unforced retreats, by well-placed pieces, are amongst the hardest maneuvers to find, and they are rare. We shall show some examples of retreats that are not only good, but even bordering on the brilliant. Moves with a paradoxical relationship between expression, function and effect. All in all, moves which run counter to the principle of 'form follows function'."
After giving several examples from practical play, the author's first example from composed problems is one that I already presented in my post, Playing Organ Pipes.
Thomas Taverner Dubuque Chess Journal 1889 #2
"The key move 1 Rh1!! is not easy to find for a human being. An extraordinarily surprising retreat into a blind spot, which makes a strong impression on us. Strangely, there is no antidote to this move, because Black very suddenly finds himself in zugzwang. He may have at his disposition a total of 19 possible replies; but White has a mate ready after every one of them. One small step backwards for the rook was the key. A nice piece of chess."
Georg Ernst Neue Leipziger Zeitung 1935 #4
Fritz Giegold Zeit-Magazin 1976 #6
10 points for sending me a complete variation to both problems, at firstname.lastname@example.org , by next Wednesday.
Here is a related article, Retreat To The First Rank ... And Win! by Bart Gibbons, from Chess Life Online, http://main.uschess.org/content/view/11510/646